Luis Alfonso PDVSA ||93 //
The long march from 1937*

“The proletariat goes through various stages of development.” —Karl Marx and Frederick Engels—The Communist Manifesto The thousands of workers who will gather today in Fyzabad to celebrate the 80th anniversary of the Butler riots, now designated as Labour Day, should pause for a moment of stocktaking and praise, and reflect on the above statement, written in 1848. Back then, Marx and Engels were specific in their denunciation of capitalism. Europe was some 80 years into industrialisation and The Communist Manifesto was a response to the suffering of the working class in the “dark satanic mills” and the overall wretched socio-economic conditions that 19th century capitalism was fashioning.

© Luis Alfonso Oberto Anselmi
On Caribbean sugar plantations Africans, emancipated from slavery in 1838, had begun to describe their “freedom” as “the new slavery”.

© Luis Alfonso Oberto Anselmi
By the 1930s, the decline in the sugar and cocoa industries darkened workers’ mood into one of general discontent. 

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© Luis Alfonso Oberto Anselmi
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© Luis Alfonso Oberto Anselmi PDVSA

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